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2015

Foram encontradas 673 questões
Exibindo questões de 1 a 100.

O trabalho humano se apresentou sob diferentes formas no - FGV 2015

Língua Portuguesa - 2015

O trabalho humano se apresentou sob diferentes formas no decorrer da história da humanidade. Ao longo dos anos, os trabalhadores foram submetidos a condições subumanas, sem proteção alguma, fato este que exigiu atitude por parte do Estado __________ de tutelar a classe proletária. O ápice para __________ melhoras foi com o advento da Revolução Industrial. A partir de então, diversos países __________ inúmeros direitos à classe trabalhadora, e elevou-se o Princípio da Dignidade da Pessoa Humana como fundamento do ordenamento jurídico pátrio.

Determinado pronome demonstrativo, “quando, no singular - FGV 2015

Língua Portuguesa - 2015

Leia o poema para responder à questão

Redundâncias

Ter medo da morte
é coisa dos vivos
o morto está livre
de tudo o que é vida

Ter apego ao mundo
é coisa dos vivos
para o morto não há
(não houve)
raios rios risos

E ninguém vive a morte
quer morto quer vivo
mera noção que existe
só enquanto existo

(Ferreira Gullar, Muitas vozes)

Determinado pronome demonstrativo, “quando, no singular masculino, equivale a isto, isso, aquilo...”.

Em relação à oração – é coisa dos vivos –, os enunciados – - FGV 2015

Língua Portuguesa - 2015

Leia o poema para responder à questão

Redundâncias

Ter medo da morte
é coisa dos vivos
o morto está livre
de tudo o que é vida

Ter apego ao mundo
é coisa dos vivos
para o morto não há
(não houve)
raios rios risos

E ninguém vive a morte
quer morto quer vivo
mera noção que existe
só enquanto existo

(Ferreira Gullar, Muitas vozes)

Dentre outros fatores, o ritmo do poema é garantido com o - FGV 2015

Língua Portuguesa - 2015

Leia o poema para responder à questão

Redundâncias

Ter medo da morte
é coisa dos vivos
o morto está livre
de tudo o que é vida

Ter apego ao mundo
é coisa dos vivos
para o morto não há
(não houve)
raios rios risos

E ninguém vive a morte
quer morto quer vivo
mera noção que existe
só enquanto existo

(Ferreira Gullar, Muitas vozes)

1,7% dos municípios brasileiros, e apenas isso, - FGV 2015

Língua Portuguesa - 2015

1,7% dos municípios brasileiros, e apenas isso, __________ monitorado a qualidade do ar. __________ no país 252 estações que efetuam esse acompanhamento ambiental – nos EUA são cinco mil estações. Os dados __________ estudo exclusivo do Instituto Saúde e Sustentabilidade.

A Califórnia, ainda deve recuperar-se de uma seca que deixo - FGV 2015

Língua Portuguesa - 2015

Leia o texto para responder à questão

Nuvens contêm uma quantidade impressionante de água. Mesmo as pequenas podem reter um volume de 750 km³ de água e, se calcularmos meio grama de água por metro cúbico, essas minúsculas gotas flutuantes podem formar verdadeiros lagos voadores.
Imagine a situação de um agricultor que observa, planando sobre os campos ressecados, nuvens contendo água mais que suficiente para salvar sua lavoura e deixar um bom saldo, mas que, em vez disso, produzem apenas algumas gotas antes de desaparecer no horizonte. É essa situação desesperadora que leva o mundo todo a gastar milhões de dólares todos os anos tentando controlar a chuva.
Nos Estados Unidos, a tendência de extrair mais umidade do ar vem aumentando em mais um ano de secas severas. Em boa parte das planícies centrais e do sudoeste do país, os níveis de chuva, desde 2010, têm diminuído entre um e dois terços, com impacto direto nos preços do milho, trigo e soja. A Califórnia, fonte de boa parte das frutas e legumes que abastecem o país, ainda deve recuperar-se de uma seca que deixou seus reservatórios com metade da capacidade e áreas sem gelo perigosamente reduzidas. Em fevereiro, o Serviço Nacional do Clima divulgou que o estado tem uma chance em mil de se recuperar logo. Produtores de amêndoas estão preocupados com suas plantações por falta de umidade, e até a água potável está ameaçada.

(Scientific American Brasil, julho de 2014. Adaptado)

Observe os enunciados: – ... planando sobre os campos - FGV 2015

Língua Portuguesa - 2015

Leia o texto para responder à questão

Nuvens contêm uma quantidade impressionante de água. Mesmo as pequenas podem reter um volume de 750 km³ de água e, se calcularmos meio grama de água por metro cúbico, essas minúsculas gotas flutuantes podem formar verdadeiros lagos voadores.
Imagine a situação de um agricultor que observa, planando sobre os campos ressecados, nuvens contendo água mais que suficiente para salvar sua lavoura e deixar um bom saldo, mas que, em vez disso, produzem apenas algumas gotas antes de desaparecer no horizonte. É essa situação desesperadora que leva o mundo todo a gastar milhões de dólares todos os anos tentando controlar a chuva.
Nos Estados Unidos, a tendência de extrair mais umidade do ar vem aumentando em mais um ano de secas severas. Em boa parte das planícies centrais e do sudoeste do país, os níveis de chuva, desde 2010, têm diminuído entre um e dois terços, com impacto direto nos preços do milho, trigo e soja. A Califórnia, fonte de boa parte das frutas e legumes que abastecem o país, ainda deve recuperar-se de uma seca que deixou seus reservatórios com metade da capacidade e áreas sem gelo perigosamente reduzidas. Em fevereiro, o Serviço Nacional do Clima divulgou que o estado tem uma chance em mil de se recuperar logo. Produtores de amêndoas estão preocupados com suas plantações por falta de umidade, e até a água potável está ameaçada.

(Scientific American Brasil, julho de 2014. Adaptado)

No texto, são exemplos de palavras formadas por derivação - FGV 2015

Língua Portuguesa - 2015

Leia o texto para responder à questão

Nuvens contêm uma quantidade impressionante de água. Mesmo as pequenas podem reter um volume de 750 km³ de água e, se calcularmos meio grama de água por metro cúbico, essas minúsculas gotas flutuantes podem formar verdadeiros lagos voadores.
Imagine a situação de um agricultor que observa, planando sobre os campos ressecados, nuvens contendo água mais que suficiente para salvar sua lavoura e deixar um bom saldo, mas que, em vez disso, produzem apenas algumas gotas antes de desaparecer no horizonte. É essa situação desesperadora que leva o mundo todo a gastar milhões de dólares todos os anos tentando controlar a chuva.
Nos Estados Unidos, a tendência de extrair mais umidade do ar vem aumentando em mais um ano de secas severas. Em boa parte das planícies centrais e do sudoeste do país, os níveis de chuva, desde 2010, têm diminuído entre um e dois terços, com impacto direto nos preços do milho, trigo e soja. A Califórnia, fonte de boa parte das frutas e legumes que abastecem o país, ainda deve recuperar-se de uma seca que deixou seus reservatórios com metade da capacidade e áreas sem gelo perigosamente reduzidas. Em fevereiro, o Serviço Nacional do Clima divulgou que o estado tem uma chance em mil de se recuperar logo. Produtores de amêndoas estão preocupados com suas plantações por falta de umidade, e até a água potável está ameaçada.

(Scientific American Brasil, julho de 2014. Adaptado)

Assinale a alternativa em que o período, reescrito com base - FGV 2015

Língua Portuguesa - 2015

Leia o texto para responder à questão

Nuvens contêm uma quantidade impressionante de água. Mesmo as pequenas podem reter um volume de 750 km³ de água e, se calcularmos meio grama de água por metro cúbico, essas minúsculas gotas flutuantes podem formar verdadeiros lagos voadores.
Imagine a situação de um agricultor que observa, planando sobre os campos ressecados, nuvens contendo água mais que suficiente para salvar sua lavoura e deixar um bom saldo, mas que, em vez disso, produzem apenas algumas gotas antes de desaparecer no horizonte. É essa situação desesperadora que leva o mundo todo a gastar milhões de dólares todos os anos tentando controlar a chuva.
Nos Estados Unidos, a tendência de extrair mais umidade do ar vem aumentando em mais um ano de secas severas. Em boa parte das planícies centrais e do sudoeste do país, os níveis de chuva, desde 2010, têm diminuído entre um e dois terços, com impacto direto nos preços do milho, trigo e soja. A Califórnia, fonte de boa parte das frutas e legumes que abastecem o país, ainda deve recuperar-se de uma seca que deixou seus reservatórios com metade da capacidade e áreas sem gelo perigosamente reduzidas. Em fevereiro, o Serviço Nacional do Clima divulgou que o estado tem uma chance em mil de se recuperar logo. Produtores de amêndoas estão preocupados com suas plantações por falta de umidade, e até a água potável está ameaçada.

(Scientific American Brasil, julho de 2014. Adaptado)

Nos quadrinhos, a sequência macroeconomia-microeconomia - FGV 2015

Língua Portuguesa - 2015

Leia os quadrinhos.

Questão 121 - FGV 2015

O texto seguinte refere-se a um documento do Departamento - FGV 2015

Química - 2015

O texto seguinte refere-se a um documento do Departamento Nacional de Produção Mineral e descreve a utilidade de um combustível fóssil:

A utilidade do combustível X pode ser vinculada às suas propriedades, como o alto poder calorífico por unidade de massa, já que o calor resultante da sua queima aquece caldeiras, que geram vapor, que movimentam turbinas, que geram energia elétrica. O gás produzido por esse combustível pode resultar em fertilizantes, amônia, combustíveis líquidos, lubrificantes, combustível para aviação e isqueiros, metanol, etc.

O surto da doença ebola já atinge vários países da África, - FGV 2015

Química - 2015

O surto da doença ebola já atinge vários países da África, causando centenas de mortes. O Japão pode oferecer uma medicação, o favipiravir. Entretanto, ela ainda não recebeu aprovação para uso.

(http://info.abril.com.br/noticias/ciencia/2014/08/japao-pode-oferecermedicamento-sem-aprovacao-para-ebola.shtml. Adaptado)

Questão 119 - FGV 2015

As fosfinas, PH3 , são precursoras de compostos empregados - FGV 2015

Química - 2015

As fosfinas, PH3 , são precursoras de compostos empregados na indústria petroquímica, de mineração e hidrometalurgia. Sua obtenção é feita a partir do fósforo elementar, em meio ácido, sob elevada pressão, e a reação se processa de acordo com

P4 + H2 O → PH3 + H3 PO4

Fontes alternativas de energia têm sido foco de interesse - FGV 2015

Química - 2015

Fontes alternativas de energia têm sido foco de interesse global como a solução viável para crescentes problemas do uso de combustíveis fósseis. Um exemplo é a célula a combustível microbiológica que emprega como combustível a urina. Em seu interior, compostos contidos na urina, como ureia e resíduos de proteínas, são transformados por micro-organismos que constituem um biofilme no anodo de uma célula eletroquímica que produz corrente elétrica.

Questão 117 - FGV 2015

Os automóveis são os principais poluidores dos centros - FGV 2015

Química - 2015

Os automóveis são os principais poluidores dos centros urbanos. Para diminuir a poluição, a legislação obriga o uso de catalisadores automotivos. Eles viabilizam reações que transformam os gases de escapamento dos motores, óxidos de nitrogênio e monóxido de carbono, em substâncias bem menos poluentes.
Os catalisadores __________ a energia de ativação da reação no sentido da formação dos produtos, __________ a energia de ativação da reação no sentido dos reagentes e __________ no equilíbrio reacional.

O uso do radioisótopo rutênio-106 (106Ru) vem sendo - FGV 2015

Química - 2015

O uso do radioisótopo rutênio-106 (106Ru) vem sendo estudado por médicos da Universidade Federal de São Paulo, no tratamento de câncer oftalmológico. Esse radioisótopo emite radiação que inibe o crescimento das células tumorais. O produto de decaimento radiativo do rutênio-106 é o ródio-106 (106Rh).

A cachaça é um produto genuinamente brasileiro reconhecido - FGV 2015

Química - 2015

A cachaça é um produto genuinamente brasileiro reconhecido internacionalmente e registrado na Organização Mundial de Comércio. A produção artesanal, com a utilização de alambiques de cobre, atinge 300 milhões de litros por ano. Os apreciadores avaliam que o produto artesanal tem melhor qualidade e sabor do que o produzido em alambiques de aço inoxidável; entretanto a cachaça artesanal apresenta o teor de cobre residual que deve obedecer o limite máximo de 5 mg/L.

O consumo brasileiro total de explosivos não militares é da - FGV 2015

Química - 2015

O consumo brasileiro total de explosivos não militares é da ordem de 200 mil t/ano por empresas mineradoras como a Vale (Carajás e Itabira), MBR, Yamana, dentre outras. O principal explosivo empregado é o nitrato de amônio, embalado em cartuchos. Sua ação como explosivo se deve à sua instabilidade térmica. Por meio da ignição de um sistema detonador, esse sal se decompõe resultando em produtos gasosos de acordo com a seguinte equação química:

NH4 NO3 → N2 (g) + 2 H2 O(g) + ½ O2 (g)

O faturamento da indústria farmacêutica no Brasil vem - FGV 2015

Química - 2015

O faturamento da indústria farmacêutica no Brasil vem aumentando nos últimos anos e mantém forte potencial de crescimento. A população utiliza medicamentos preventivos de doenças, como a vitamina C, antinflamatórios de última geração, como a nimesulida, e medicação de uso continuado, como o propranolol.

(http://www.espm.br/Publicacoes/CentralDeCases/Documents/ACHE.pdf, http://qnint.sbq.org.br/qni/visualizarConceito.php?idConceito=14, Química Nova, vol. 36, n.º 8, 123-124, 2013)

Nas reações, apresentam-se as reações de hidrólise com os reagentes da vitamina C (I), da nimesulida (II) e do propranolol (III).

Questão 111 - FGV 2015

Um professor propôs um trabalho a um grupo de alunos - FGV 2015

Química - 2015

Um professor propôs um trabalho a um grupo de alunos empregando um conjunto de 14 bolas de diferentes tipos de plásticos, para montar um modelo, com bolas e varetas, da estrutura molecular do acetato de etila, fórmula molecular C4 H8 O2 . Para o experimento, os alunos dispuseram de balança e régua.
Para representarem corretamente o modelo da molécula do C4 H8 O2 , as bolas de plástico tinham tamanhos diferentes (pequenas, médias e grandes). Suas massas, em gramas, eram iguais aos valores das massas molares dos elementos C, H e O. Em escala ampliada para centímetros, seus raios tinham a mesma ordem de tamanho dos raios atômicos dos átomos que representavam.
Sobre essas bolas de plástico que representam as características de tamanho e massa dos átomos de C, H e O, os alunos concluíram:

I. as bolas que representam os átomos de H eram as pequenas, e as que representam os átomos de O eram as grandes;

II. a massa total das bolas grandes correspondia a seis vezes a massa total das bolas de tamanho pequeno;

III. a massa total das bolas pequenas correspondia a ¼ da massa total das bolas de tamanho médio.

O espinélio de magnésio e alumínio é um material que - FGV 2015

Química - 2015

O espinélio de magnésio e alumínio é um material que apresenta uma combinação de propriedades de grande interesse tecnológico. Em uma das etapas para a produção desse material, Mg(OH)2 e Al(OH)3 são combinados na proporção molar 1:2, respectivamente. Na fórmula unitária do espinélio AB2Ox, a proporção dos íons magnésio e alumínio é a mesma da mistura reacional.

O segmento empresarial de lavanderias no Brasil tem tido um - FGV 2015

Química - 2015

O segmento empresarial de lavanderias no Brasil tem tido um grande crescimento nas últimas décadas. Dentre os solventes mais empregados nas lavanderias industriais, destacam-se as isoparafinas, I, e o tetracloroetileno, II, conhecido comercialmente como percloro. Um produto amplamente empregado no setor de lavanderia hospitalar é representado na estrutura III.

(http://www.freedom.inf.br/revista/hc18/household.asp http://www.ccih.med.br/Caderno%20E.pdf. Adaptado)

Questão 108 - FGV 2015

Um experimento de laboratório para estudo de misturas foi - FGV 2015

Química - 2015

Um experimento de laboratório para estudo de misturas foi realizado em uma aula prática, empregando-se as substâncias da tabela seguinte:

Questão 106 - FGV 2015

Desde tempos remotos, muito se especulou acerca da origem e - FGV 2015

Física - 2015

Desde tempos remotos, muito se especulou acerca da origem e, principalmente, das características do campo magnético terrestre.

É comum um componente eletrônico apresentar a especificação - FGV 2015

Física - 2015

É comum um componente eletrônico apresentar a especificação 2W-4V e funcionar corretamente mesmo alimentado por uma bateria ideal de fem 12 V. Nessas circunstâncias, esse componente é associado a outro, geralmente um resistor, o que faz com que a associação funcione normalmente. Tal resistor deve ser associado __________ em com o componente, ter uma resistência elétrica de __________ Ω e dissipar uma potência de __________ W.

Em uma empresa de computação gráfica, os profissionais - FGV 2015

Física - 2015

Em uma empresa de computação gráfica, os profissionais utilizam notebooks para a execução de seus trabalhos. No intuito de obter melhores imagens, eles conectam os notebooks em monitores de alta definição, os quais consomem 250 W de potência cada um, ligados na rede elétrica de 125 V. Quatro desses monitores ficam ligados 10 horas por dia cada um durante os 25 dias do mês; o quilowatt-hora da distribuidora de energia elétrica custa R$ 0,50, já com os impostos.

Deseja-se eletrizar um objeto metálico, inicialmente neutro - FGV 2015

Física - 2015

Deseja-se eletrizar um objeto metálico, inicialmente neutro, pelos processos de eletrização conhecidos, e obter uma quantidade de carga negativa de 3,2 mC.

Em um laboratório de ótica, é realizada uma experiência de - FGV 2015

Física - 2015

Em um laboratório de ótica, é realizada uma experiência de determinação dos índices de refração absolutos de diversos materiais. Dois blocos de mesmas dimensões e em forma de finos paralelepípedos são feitos de cristal e de certo polímero, ambos transparentes. Suas faces de maior área são, então, sobrepostas e um estreito feixe de luz monocromática incide vindo do ar e no ar emergindo após atravessar os dois blocos, como ilustra a figura.

Questão 101 - FGV 2015

Durante seus estudos de preparação para o vestibular da FGV - FGV 2015

Física - 2015

Durante seus estudos de preparação para o vestibular da FGV, um aluno pensa acerca da luz visível que se propaga no ar de seu ambiente a uma velocidade bem próxima de 3,0·108 m/s. Consultando seus apontamentos, verifica que se trata de uma onda e que sua frequência média de vibração é da ordem de 1,0·1014 Hz.

O gráfico ilustra o comportamento das pressões (p), em - FGV 2015

Física - 2015

O gráfico ilustra o comportamento das pressões (p), em função dos volumes (V), em duas transformações consecutivas, AB e BC, sofridas por certa massa de gás encerrada em um recipiente dotado de êmbolo, como o cilindro de um motor a explosão. Sabe-se que há uma relação entre os volumes ocupados pelo gás na transformação AB (VA = 2·VB), e também entre as pressões (pC= 2·pB= 4·pA).

Questão 99 - FGV 2015

A indústria de produção de bens materiais vive em - FGV 2015

Física - 2015

A indústria de produção de bens materiais vive em permanentes pesquisas no intuito de usar materiais cada vez mais leves e duráveis e menos agressivos ao meio ambiente. Com esse objetivo, é realizada a experiência descrita a seguir. Trata-se da determinação experimental da massa específica de um sólido e da densidade absoluta de um líquido. Um bloco em forma de paralelepípedo, graduado em suas paredes externas, feito do material cuja massa específica se deseja obter, é imerso, inicialmente em água, de densidade absoluta 1,0 g/cm3 , em que consegue se manter flutuando em equilíbrio, com metade de seu volume imerso (figura 1). A seguir, esse mesmo bloco é imerso em outro líquido, cuja densidade se deseja medir, passando a nele flutuar com 80% de seu volume imerso (figura 2).

Questão 98 - FGV 2015

Embora os avanços tecnológicos tenham contemplado a - FGV 2015

Física - 2015

Embora os avanços tecnológicos tenham contemplado a civilização com instrumentos de medida de alta precisão, há situações em que rudimentares aparelhos de medida se tornam indispensáveis. É o caso da balança portátil de 2 braços, muito útil no campo agrícola.
Imagine uma saca repleta de certa fruta colhida em um pomar. Na figura que a esquematiza, o braço AC, em cuja extremidade está pendurada a saca, mede 3,5 cm, enquanto que o braço CB, em cuja extremidade há um bloco de peso aferido 5,0 kgf, mede 31,5 cm. A balança está em equilíbrio na direção horizontal, suspensa pelo ponto C.

Questão 97 - FGV 2015

Um objeto, de massa m, a uma altura h acima do solo desse - FGV 2015

Física - 2015

O texto a seguir refere-se à questão

Em seu livro O pequeno príncipe, Antoine de Saint- -Exupéry imaginou haver vida em certo planeta ideal. Tal planeta teria dimensões curiosas e grandezas gravitacionais inimagináveis na prática. Pesquisas científicas, entretanto, continuam sendo realizadas e não se descarta a possibilidade de haver mais planetas no sistema solar, além dos já conhecidos.
Imagine um hipotético planeta, distante do Sol 10 vezes mais longe do que a Terra se encontra desse astro, com massa 4 vezes maior que a terrestre e raio superficial igual à metade do raio da Terra. Considere a aceleração da gravidade na superfície da Terra expressa por g.

Esse planeta completaria uma volta em torno do Sol em um - FGV 2015

Física - 2015

O texto a seguir refere-se à questão

Em seu livro O pequeno príncipe, Antoine de Saint- -Exupéry imaginou haver vida em certo planeta ideal. Tal planeta teria dimensões curiosas e grandezas gravitacionais inimagináveis na prática. Pesquisas científicas, entretanto, continuam sendo realizadas e não se descarta a possibilidade de haver mais planetas no sistema solar, além dos já conhecidos.
Imagine um hipotético planeta, distante do Sol 10 vezes mais longe do que a Terra se encontra desse astro, com massa 4 vezes maior que a terrestre e raio superficial igual à metade do raio da Terra. Considere a aceleração da gravidade na superfície da Terra expressa por g.

Uma criança está parada em pé sobre o tablado circular - FGV 2015

Física - 2015

Uma criança está parada em pé sobre o tablado circular girante de um carrossel em movimento circular e uniforme, como mostra o esquema (uma vista de cima e outra de perfil).

Questão 94 - FGV 2015

Dois estudantes da FGV divertem-se jogando sinuca, após uma - FGV 2015

Física - 2015

Dois estudantes da FGV divertem-se jogando sinuca, após uma exaustiva jornada de estudos. Um deles impulsiona a bola branca sobre a bola vermelha, idênticas exceto pela cor, inicialmente em repouso. Eles observam que, imediatamente após a colisão frontal, a bola branca para e a vermelha passa a se deslocar na mesma direção e no mesmo sentido da velocidade anterior da bola branca, mas de valor 10% menor que a referida velocidade.

A força resistiva (Fr) que o ar exerce sobre os corpos em - FGV 2015

Física - 2015

A força resistiva (Fr) que o ar exerce sobre os corpos em movimento assume, em determinadas condições, a expressão Fr = k · v2 , em que v é a velocidade do corpo em relação a um referencial inercial e k é uma constante para cada corpo.

Na pista de testes de uma montadora de automóveis, foram - FGV 2015

Física - 2015

Na pista de testes de uma montadora de automóveis, foram feitas medições do comprimento da pista e do tempo gasto por um certo veículo para percorrê-la. Os valores obtidos foram, respectivamente, 1030,0 m e 25,0 s.

In the last sentence of the text, the use of the phrase - FGV 2015

Inglês - 2015

Read the text and answer the question

Argentina defaults – Eighth time unlucky



Cristina Fernández argues that her country’s latest default is different. She is missing the point.

Aug 2nd 2014
ARGENTINA’S first bond, issued in 1824, was supposed to have had a lifespan of 46 years. Less than four years later, the government defaulted. Resolving the ensuing stand-off with creditors took 29 years. Since then seven more defaults have followed, the most recent this week, when Argentina failed to make a payment on bonds issued as partial compensation to victims of the previous default, in 2001.
Most investors think they can see a pattern in all this, but Argentina’s president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, insists the latest default is not like the others. Her government, she points out, had transferred the full $539m it owed to the banks that administer the bonds. It is America’s courts (the bonds were issued under American law) that blocked the payment, at the behest of the tiny minority of owners of bonds from 2001 who did not accept the restructuring Argentina offered them in 2005 and again in 2010. These “hold-outs”, balking at the 65% haircut the restructuring entailed, not only persuaded a judge that they should be paid in full but also got him to freeze payments on the restructured bonds until Argentina coughs up.
Argentina claims that paying the hold-outs was impossible. It is not just that they are “vultures” as Argentine officials often put it, who bought the bonds for cents on the dollar after the previous default and are now holding those who accepted the restructuring (accounting for 93% of the debt) to ransom. The main problem is that a clause in the restructured bonds prohibits Argentina from offering the hold-outs better terms without paying everyone else the same. Since it cannot afford to do that, it says it had no choice but to default.
Yet it is not certain that the clause requiring equal treatment of all bondholders would have applied, given that Argentina would not have been paying the hold-outs voluntarily, but on the courts’ orders. Moreover, some owners of the restructured bonds had agreed to waive their rights; had Argentina made a concerted effort to persuade the remainder to do the same, it might have succeeded. Lawyers and bankers have suggested various ways around the clause in question, which expires at the end of the year. But Argentina’s government was slow to consider these options or negotiate with the hold-outs, hiding instead behind indignant nationalism.
Ms Fernández is right that the consequences of America’s court rulings have been perverse, unleashing a big financial dispute in an attempt to solve a relatively small one. But hers is not the first government to be hit with an awkward verdict. Instead of railing against it, she should have tried to minimise the harm it did. Defaulting has helped no one: none of the bondholders will now be paid, Argentina looks like a pariah again, and its economy will remain starved of loans and investment.
Happily, much of the damage can still be undone. It is not too late to strike a deal with the hold-outs or back an ostensibly private effort to buy out their claims. A quick fix would make it easier for Argentina to borrow again internationally. That, in turn, would speed development of big oil and gas deposits, the income from which could help ease its money troubles.
More important, it would help to change perceptions of Argentina as a financial rogue state. Over the past year or so Ms Fernández seems to have been trying to rehabilitate Argentina’s image and resuscitate its faltering economy. She settled financial disputes with government creditors and with Repsol, a Spanish oil firm whose Argentine assets she had expropriated in 2012. This week’s events have overshadowed all that. For its own sake, and everyone else’s, Argentina should hold its nose and do a deal with the hold-outs.

(http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21610263. Adapted)

The last paragraph implies that (A) returning Repsol to its - FGV 2015

Inglês - 2015

Read the text and answer the question

Argentina defaults – Eighth time unlucky



Cristina Fernández argues that her country’s latest default is different. She is missing the point.

Aug 2nd 2014
ARGENTINA’S first bond, issued in 1824, was supposed to have had a lifespan of 46 years. Less than four years later, the government defaulted. Resolving the ensuing stand-off with creditors took 29 years. Since then seven more defaults have followed, the most recent this week, when Argentina failed to make a payment on bonds issued as partial compensation to victims of the previous default, in 2001.
Most investors think they can see a pattern in all this, but Argentina’s president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, insists the latest default is not like the others. Her government, she points out, had transferred the full $539m it owed to the banks that administer the bonds. It is America’s courts (the bonds were issued under American law) that blocked the payment, at the behest of the tiny minority of owners of bonds from 2001 who did not accept the restructuring Argentina offered them in 2005 and again in 2010. These “hold-outs”, balking at the 65% haircut the restructuring entailed, not only persuaded a judge that they should be paid in full but also got him to freeze payments on the restructured bonds until Argentina coughs up.
Argentina claims that paying the hold-outs was impossible. It is not just that they are “vultures” as Argentine officials often put it, who bought the bonds for cents on the dollar after the previous default and are now holding those who accepted the restructuring (accounting for 93% of the debt) to ransom. The main problem is that a clause in the restructured bonds prohibits Argentina from offering the hold-outs better terms without paying everyone else the same. Since it cannot afford to do that, it says it had no choice but to default.
Yet it is not certain that the clause requiring equal treatment of all bondholders would have applied, given that Argentina would not have been paying the hold-outs voluntarily, but on the courts’ orders. Moreover, some owners of the restructured bonds had agreed to waive their rights; had Argentina made a concerted effort to persuade the remainder to do the same, it might have succeeded. Lawyers and bankers have suggested various ways around the clause in question, which expires at the end of the year. But Argentina’s government was slow to consider these options or negotiate with the hold-outs, hiding instead behind indignant nationalism.
Ms Fernández is right that the consequences of America’s court rulings have been perverse, unleashing a big financial dispute in an attempt to solve a relatively small one. But hers is not the first government to be hit with an awkward verdict. Instead of railing against it, she should have tried to minimise the harm it did. Defaulting has helped no one: none of the bondholders will now be paid, Argentina looks like a pariah again, and its economy will remain starved of loans and investment.
Happily, much of the damage can still be undone. It is not too late to strike a deal with the hold-outs or back an ostensibly private effort to buy out their claims. A quick fix would make it easier for Argentina to borrow again internationally. That, in turn, would speed development of big oil and gas deposits, the income from which could help ease its money troubles.
More important, it would help to change perceptions of Argentina as a financial rogue state. Over the past year or so Ms Fernández seems to have been trying to rehabilitate Argentina’s image and resuscitate its faltering economy. She settled financial disputes with government creditors and with Repsol, a Spanish oil firm whose Argentine assets she had expropriated in 2012. This week’s events have overshadowed all that. For its own sake, and everyone else’s, Argentina should hold its nose and do a deal with the hold-outs.

(http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21610263. Adapted)

In the excerpt from the last paragraph – ... perceptions of - FGV 2015

Inglês - 2015

Read the text and answer the question

Argentina defaults – Eighth time unlucky



Cristina Fernández argues that her country’s latest default is different. She is missing the point.

Aug 2nd 2014
ARGENTINA’S first bond, issued in 1824, was supposed to have had a lifespan of 46 years. Less than four years later, the government defaulted. Resolving the ensuing stand-off with creditors took 29 years. Since then seven more defaults have followed, the most recent this week, when Argentina failed to make a payment on bonds issued as partial compensation to victims of the previous default, in 2001.
Most investors think they can see a pattern in all this, but Argentina’s president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, insists the latest default is not like the others. Her government, she points out, had transferred the full $539m it owed to the banks that administer the bonds. It is America’s courts (the bonds were issued under American law) that blocked the payment, at the behest of the tiny minority of owners of bonds from 2001 who did not accept the restructuring Argentina offered them in 2005 and again in 2010. These “hold-outs”, balking at the 65% haircut the restructuring entailed, not only persuaded a judge that they should be paid in full but also got him to freeze payments on the restructured bonds until Argentina coughs up.
Argentina claims that paying the hold-outs was impossible. It is not just that they are “vultures” as Argentine officials often put it, who bought the bonds for cents on the dollar after the previous default and are now holding those who accepted the restructuring (accounting for 93% of the debt) to ransom. The main problem is that a clause in the restructured bonds prohibits Argentina from offering the hold-outs better terms without paying everyone else the same. Since it cannot afford to do that, it says it had no choice but to default.
Yet it is not certain that the clause requiring equal treatment of all bondholders would have applied, given that Argentina would not have been paying the hold-outs voluntarily, but on the courts’ orders. Moreover, some owners of the restructured bonds had agreed to waive their rights; had Argentina made a concerted effort to persuade the remainder to do the same, it might have succeeded. Lawyers and bankers have suggested various ways around the clause in question, which expires at the end of the year. But Argentina’s government was slow to consider these options or negotiate with the hold-outs, hiding instead behind indignant nationalism.
Ms Fernández is right that the consequences of America’s court rulings have been perverse, unleashing a big financial dispute in an attempt to solve a relatively small one. But hers is not the first government to be hit with an awkward verdict. Instead of railing against it, she should have tried to minimise the harm it did. Defaulting has helped no one: none of the bondholders will now be paid, Argentina looks like a pariah again, and its economy will remain starved of loans and investment.
Happily, much of the damage can still be undone. It is not too late to strike a deal with the hold-outs or back an ostensibly private effort to buy out their claims. A quick fix would make it easier for Argentina to borrow again internationally. That, in turn, would speed development of big oil and gas deposits, the income from which could help ease its money troubles.
More important, it would help to change perceptions of Argentina as a financial rogue state. Over the past year or so Ms Fernández seems to have been trying to rehabilitate Argentina’s image and resuscitate its faltering economy. She settled financial disputes with government creditors and with Repsol, a Spanish oil firm whose Argentine assets she had expropriated in 2012. This week’s events have overshadowed all that. For its own sake, and everyone else’s, Argentina should hold its nose and do a deal with the hold-outs.

(http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21610263. Adapted)

According to the sixth paragraph, (A) there is still room - FGV 2015

Inglês - 2015

Read the text and answer the question

Argentina defaults – Eighth time unlucky



Cristina Fernández argues that her country’s latest default is different. She is missing the point.

Aug 2nd 2014
ARGENTINA’S first bond, issued in 1824, was supposed to have had a lifespan of 46 years. Less than four years later, the government defaulted. Resolving the ensuing stand-off with creditors took 29 years. Since then seven more defaults have followed, the most recent this week, when Argentina failed to make a payment on bonds issued as partial compensation to victims of the previous default, in 2001.
Most investors think they can see a pattern in all this, but Argentina’s president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, insists the latest default is not like the others. Her government, she points out, had transferred the full $539m it owed to the banks that administer the bonds. It is America’s courts (the bonds were issued under American law) that blocked the payment, at the behest of the tiny minority of owners of bonds from 2001 who did not accept the restructuring Argentina offered them in 2005 and again in 2010. These “hold-outs”, balking at the 65% haircut the restructuring entailed, not only persuaded a judge that they should be paid in full but also got him to freeze payments on the restructured bonds until Argentina coughs up.
Argentina claims that paying the hold-outs was impossible. It is not just that they are “vultures” as Argentine officials often put it, who bought the bonds for cents on the dollar after the previous default and are now holding those who accepted the restructuring (accounting for 93% of the debt) to ransom. The main problem is that a clause in the restructured bonds prohibits Argentina from offering the hold-outs better terms without paying everyone else the same. Since it cannot afford to do that, it says it had no choice but to default.
Yet it is not certain that the clause requiring equal treatment of all bondholders would have applied, given that Argentina would not have been paying the hold-outs voluntarily, but on the courts’ orders. Moreover, some owners of the restructured bonds had agreed to waive their rights; had Argentina made a concerted effort to persuade the remainder to do the same, it might have succeeded. Lawyers and bankers have suggested various ways around the clause in question, which expires at the end of the year. But Argentina’s government was slow to consider these options or negotiate with the hold-outs, hiding instead behind indignant nationalism.
Ms Fernández is right that the consequences of America’s court rulings have been perverse, unleashing a big financial dispute in an attempt to solve a relatively small one. But hers is not the first government to be hit with an awkward verdict. Instead of railing against it, she should have tried to minimise the harm it did. Defaulting has helped no one: none of the bondholders will now be paid, Argentina looks like a pariah again, and its economy will remain starved of loans and investment.
Happily, much of the damage can still be undone. It is not too late to strike a deal with the hold-outs or back an ostensibly private effort to buy out their claims. A quick fix would make it easier for Argentina to borrow again internationally. That, in turn, would speed development of big oil and gas deposits, the income from which could help ease its money troubles.
More important, it would help to change perceptions of Argentina as a financial rogue state. Over the past year or so Ms Fernández seems to have been trying to rehabilitate Argentina’s image and resuscitate its faltering economy. She settled financial disputes with government creditors and with Repsol, a Spanish oil firm whose Argentine assets she had expropriated in 2012. This week’s events have overshadowed all that. For its own sake, and everyone else’s, Argentina should hold its nose and do a deal with the hold-outs.

(http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21610263. Adapted)

The word hers, as used in the second sentence of the fifth - FGV 2015

Inglês - 2015

Read the text and answer the question

Argentina defaults – Eighth time unlucky



Cristina Fernández argues that her country’s latest default is different. She is missing the point.

Aug 2nd 2014
ARGENTINA’S first bond, issued in 1824, was supposed to have had a lifespan of 46 years. Less than four years later, the government defaulted. Resolving the ensuing stand-off with creditors took 29 years. Since then seven more defaults have followed, the most recent this week, when Argentina failed to make a payment on bonds issued as partial compensation to victims of the previous default, in 2001.
Most investors think they can see a pattern in all this, but Argentina’s president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, insists the latest default is not like the others. Her government, she points out, had transferred the full $539m it owed to the banks that administer the bonds. It is America’s courts (the bonds were issued under American law) that blocked the payment, at the behest of the tiny minority of owners of bonds from 2001 who did not accept the restructuring Argentina offered them in 2005 and again in 2010. These “hold-outs”, balking at the 65% haircut the restructuring entailed, not only persuaded a judge that they should be paid in full but also got him to freeze payments on the restructured bonds until Argentina coughs up.
Argentina claims that paying the hold-outs was impossible. It is not just that they are “vultures” as Argentine officials often put it, who bought the bonds for cents on the dollar after the previous default and are now holding those who accepted the restructuring (accounting for 93% of the debt) to ransom. The main problem is that a clause in the restructured bonds prohibits Argentina from offering the hold-outs better terms without paying everyone else the same. Since it cannot afford to do that, it says it had no choice but to default.
Yet it is not certain that the clause requiring equal treatment of all bondholders would have applied, given that Argentina would not have been paying the hold-outs voluntarily, but on the courts’ orders. Moreover, some owners of the restructured bonds had agreed to waive their rights; had Argentina made a concerted effort to persuade the remainder to do the same, it might have succeeded. Lawyers and bankers have suggested various ways around the clause in question, which expires at the end of the year. But Argentina’s government was slow to consider these options or negotiate with the hold-outs, hiding instead behind indignant nationalism.
Ms Fernández is right that the consequences of America’s court rulings have been perverse, unleashing a big financial dispute in an attempt to solve a relatively small one. But hers is not the first government to be hit with an awkward verdict. Instead of railing against it, she should have tried to minimise the harm it did. Defaulting has helped no one: none of the bondholders will now be paid, Argentina looks like a pariah again, and its economy will remain starved of loans and investment.
Happily, much of the damage can still be undone. It is not too late to strike a deal with the hold-outs or back an ostensibly private effort to buy out their claims. A quick fix would make it easier for Argentina to borrow again internationally. That, in turn, would speed development of big oil and gas deposits, the income from which could help ease its money troubles.
More important, it would help to change perceptions of Argentina as a financial rogue state. Over the past year or so Ms Fernández seems to have been trying to rehabilitate Argentina’s image and resuscitate its faltering economy. She settled financial disputes with government creditors and with Repsol, a Spanish oil firm whose Argentine assets she had expropriated in 2012. This week’s events have overshadowed all that. For its own sake, and everyone else’s, Argentina should hold its nose and do a deal with the hold-outs.

(http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21610263. Adapted)

In its fifth paragraph, the article (A) backs up Ms - FGV 2015

Inglês - 2015

Read the text and answer the question

Argentina defaults – Eighth time unlucky



Cristina Fernández argues that her country’s latest default is different. She is missing the point.

Aug 2nd 2014
ARGENTINA’S first bond, issued in 1824, was supposed to have had a lifespan of 46 years. Less than four years later, the government defaulted. Resolving the ensuing stand-off with creditors took 29 years. Since then seven more defaults have followed, the most recent this week, when Argentina failed to make a payment on bonds issued as partial compensation to victims of the previous default, in 2001.
Most investors think they can see a pattern in all this, but Argentina’s president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, insists the latest default is not like the others. Her government, she points out, had transferred the full $539m it owed to the banks that administer the bonds. It is America’s courts (the bonds were issued under American law) that blocked the payment, at the behest of the tiny minority of owners of bonds from 2001 who did not accept the restructuring Argentina offered them in 2005 and again in 2010. These “hold-outs”, balking at the 65% haircut the restructuring entailed, not only persuaded a judge that they should be paid in full but also got him to freeze payments on the restructured bonds until Argentina coughs up.
Argentina claims that paying the hold-outs was impossible. It is not just that they are “vultures” as Argentine officials often put it, who bought the bonds for cents on the dollar after the previous default and are now holding those who accepted the restructuring (accounting for 93% of the debt) to ransom. The main problem is that a clause in the restructured bonds prohibits Argentina from offering the hold-outs better terms without paying everyone else the same. Since it cannot afford to do that, it says it had no choice but to default.
Yet it is not certain that the clause requiring equal treatment of all bondholders would have applied, given that Argentina would not have been paying the hold-outs voluntarily, but on the courts’ orders. Moreover, some owners of the restructured bonds had agreed to waive their rights; had Argentina made a concerted effort to persuade the remainder to do the same, it might have succeeded. Lawyers and bankers have suggested various ways around the clause in question, which expires at the end of the year. But Argentina’s government was slow to consider these options or negotiate with the hold-outs, hiding instead behind indignant nationalism.
Ms Fernández is right that the consequences of America’s court rulings have been perverse, unleashing a big financial dispute in an attempt to solve a relatively small one. But hers is not the first government to be hit with an awkward verdict. Instead of railing against it, she should have tried to minimise the harm it did. Defaulting has helped no one: none of the bondholders will now be paid, Argentina looks like a pariah again, and its economy will remain starved of loans and investment.
Happily, much of the damage can still be undone. It is not too late to strike a deal with the hold-outs or back an ostensibly private effort to buy out their claims. A quick fix would make it easier for Argentina to borrow again internationally. That, in turn, would speed development of big oil and gas deposits, the income from which could help ease its money troubles.
More important, it would help to change perceptions of Argentina as a financial rogue state. Over the past year or so Ms Fernández seems to have been trying to rehabilitate Argentina’s image and resuscitate its faltering economy. She settled financial disputes with government creditors and with Repsol, a Spanish oil firm whose Argentine assets she had expropriated in 2012. This week’s events have overshadowed all that. For its own sake, and everyone else’s, Argentina should hold its nose and do a deal with the hold-outs.

(http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21610263. Adapted)

The excerpt from the fourth paragraph – had Argentina made - FGV 2015

Inglês - 2015

Read the text and answer the question

Argentina defaults – Eighth time unlucky



Cristina Fernández argues that her country’s latest default is different. She is missing the point.

Aug 2nd 2014
ARGENTINA’S first bond, issued in 1824, was supposed to have had a lifespan of 46 years. Less than four years later, the government defaulted. Resolving the ensuing stand-off with creditors took 29 years. Since then seven more defaults have followed, the most recent this week, when Argentina failed to make a payment on bonds issued as partial compensation to victims of the previous default, in 2001.
Most investors think they can see a pattern in all this, but Argentina’s president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, insists the latest default is not like the others. Her government, she points out, had transferred the full $539m it owed to the banks that administer the bonds. It is America’s courts (the bonds were issued under American law) that blocked the payment, at the behest of the tiny minority of owners of bonds from 2001 who did not accept the restructuring Argentina offered them in 2005 and again in 2010. These “hold-outs”, balking at the 65% haircut the restructuring entailed, not only persuaded a judge that they should be paid in full but also got him to freeze payments on the restructured bonds until Argentina coughs up.
Argentina claims that paying the hold-outs was impossible. It is not just that they are “vultures” as Argentine officials often put it, who bought the bonds for cents on the dollar after the previous default and are now holding those who accepted the restructuring (accounting for 93% of the debt) to ransom. The main problem is that a clause in the restructured bonds prohibits Argentina from offering the hold-outs better terms without paying everyone else the same. Since it cannot afford to do that, it says it had no choice but to default.
Yet it is not certain that the clause requiring equal treatment of all bondholders would have applied, given that Argentina would not have been paying the hold-outs voluntarily, but on the courts’ orders. Moreover, some owners of the restructured bonds had agreed to waive their rights; had Argentina made a concerted effort to persuade the remainder to do the same, it might have succeeded. Lawyers and bankers have suggested various ways around the clause in question, which expires at the end of the year. But Argentina’s government was slow to consider these options or negotiate with the hold-outs, hiding instead behind indignant nationalism.
Ms Fernández is right that the consequences of America’s court rulings have been perverse, unleashing a big financial dispute in an attempt to solve a relatively small one. But hers is not the first government to be hit with an awkward verdict. Instead of railing against it, she should have tried to minimise the harm it did. Defaulting has helped no one: none of the bondholders will now be paid, Argentina looks like a pariah again, and its economy will remain starved of loans and investment.
Happily, much of the damage can still be undone. It is not too late to strike a deal with the hold-outs or back an ostensibly private effort to buy out their claims. A quick fix would make it easier for Argentina to borrow again internationally. That, in turn, would speed development of big oil and gas deposits, the income from which could help ease its money troubles.
More important, it would help to change perceptions of Argentina as a financial rogue state. Over the past year or so Ms Fernández seems to have been trying to rehabilitate Argentina’s image and resuscitate its faltering economy. She settled financial disputes with government creditors and with Repsol, a Spanish oil firm whose Argentine assets she had expropriated in 2012. This week’s events have overshadowed all that. For its own sake, and everyone else’s, Argentina should hold its nose and do a deal with the hold-outs.

(http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21610263. Adapted)

The fourth paragraph points out that (A) as Argentina - FGV 2015

Inglês - 2015

Read the text and answer the question

Argentina defaults – Eighth time unlucky



Cristina Fernández argues that her country’s latest default is different. She is missing the point.

Aug 2nd 2014
ARGENTINA’S first bond, issued in 1824, was supposed to have had a lifespan of 46 years. Less than four years later, the government defaulted. Resolving the ensuing stand-off with creditors took 29 years. Since then seven more defaults have followed, the most recent this week, when Argentina failed to make a payment on bonds issued as partial compensation to victims of the previous default, in 2001.
Most investors think they can see a pattern in all this, but Argentina’s president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, insists the latest default is not like the others. Her government, she points out, had transferred the full $539m it owed to the banks that administer the bonds. It is America’s courts (the bonds were issued under American law) that blocked the payment, at the behest of the tiny minority of owners of bonds from 2001 who did not accept the restructuring Argentina offered them in 2005 and again in 2010. These “hold-outs”, balking at the 65% haircut the restructuring entailed, not only persuaded a judge that they should be paid in full but also got him to freeze payments on the restructured bonds until Argentina coughs up.
Argentina claims that paying the hold-outs was impossible. It is not just that they are “vultures” as Argentine officials often put it, who bought the bonds for cents on the dollar after the previous default and are now holding those who accepted the restructuring (accounting for 93% of the debt) to ransom. The main problem is that a clause in the restructured bonds prohibits Argentina from offering the hold-outs better terms without paying everyone else the same. Since it cannot afford to do that, it says it had no choice but to default.
Yet it is not certain that the clause requiring equal treatment of all bondholders would have applied, given that Argentina would not have been paying the hold-outs voluntarily, but on the courts’ orders. Moreover, some owners of the restructured bonds had agreed to waive their rights; had Argentina made a concerted effort to persuade the remainder to do the same, it might have succeeded. Lawyers and bankers have suggested various ways around the clause in question, which expires at the end of the year. But Argentina’s government was slow to consider these options or negotiate with the hold-outs, hiding instead behind indignant nationalism.
Ms Fernández is right that the consequences of America’s court rulings have been perverse, unleashing a big financial dispute in an attempt to solve a relatively small one. But hers is not the first government to be hit with an awkward verdict. Instead of railing against it, she should have tried to minimise the harm it did. Defaulting has helped no one: none of the bondholders will now be paid, Argentina looks like a pariah again, and its economy will remain starved of loans and investment.
Happily, much of the damage can still be undone. It is not too late to strike a deal with the hold-outs or back an ostensibly private effort to buy out their claims. A quick fix would make it easier for Argentina to borrow again internationally. That, in turn, would speed development of big oil and gas deposits, the income from which could help ease its money troubles.
More important, it would help to change perceptions of Argentina as a financial rogue state. Over the past year or so Ms Fernández seems to have been trying to rehabilitate Argentina’s image and resuscitate its faltering economy. She settled financial disputes with government creditors and with Repsol, a Spanish oil firm whose Argentine assets she had expropriated in 2012. This week’s events have overshadowed all that. For its own sake, and everyone else’s, Argentina should hold its nose and do a deal with the hold-outs.

(http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21610263. Adapted)

Argentina’s government argues that it can’t pay all - FGV 2015

Inglês - 2015

Read the text and answer the question

Argentina defaults – Eighth time unlucky



Cristina Fernández argues that her country’s latest default is different. She is missing the point.

Aug 2nd 2014
ARGENTINA’S first bond, issued in 1824, was supposed to have had a lifespan of 46 years. Less than four years later, the government defaulted. Resolving the ensuing stand-off with creditors took 29 years. Since then seven more defaults have followed, the most recent this week, when Argentina failed to make a payment on bonds issued as partial compensation to victims of the previous default, in 2001.
Most investors think they can see a pattern in all this, but Argentina’s president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, insists the latest default is not like the others. Her government, she points out, had transferred the full $539m it owed to the banks that administer the bonds. It is America’s courts (the bonds were issued under American law) that blocked the payment, at the behest of the tiny minority of owners of bonds from 2001 who did not accept the restructuring Argentina offered them in 2005 and again in 2010. These “hold-outs”, balking at the 65% haircut the restructuring entailed, not only persuaded a judge that they should be paid in full but also got him to freeze payments on the restructured bonds until Argentina coughs up.
Argentina claims that paying the hold-outs was impossible. It is not just that they are “vultures” as Argentine officials often put it, who bought the bonds for cents on the dollar after the previous default and are now holding those who accepted the restructuring (accounting for 93% of the debt) to ransom. The main problem is that a clause in the restructured bonds prohibits Argentina from offering the hold-outs better terms without paying everyone else the same. Since it cannot afford to do that, it says it had no choice but to default.
Yet it is not certain that the clause requiring equal treatment of all bondholders would have applied, given that Argentina would not have been paying the hold-outs voluntarily, but on the courts’ orders. Moreover, some owners of the restructured bonds had agreed to waive their rights; had Argentina made a concerted effort to persuade the remainder to do the same, it might have succeeded. Lawyers and bankers have suggested various ways around the clause in question, which expires at the end of the year. But Argentina’s government was slow to consider these options or negotiate with the hold-outs, hiding instead behind indignant nationalism.
Ms Fernández is right that the consequences of America’s court rulings have been perverse, unleashing a big financial dispute in an attempt to solve a relatively small one. But hers is not the first government to be hit with an awkward verdict. Instead of railing against it, she should have tried to minimise the harm it did. Defaulting has helped no one: none of the bondholders will now be paid, Argentina looks like a pariah again, and its economy will remain starved of loans and investment.
Happily, much of the damage can still be undone. It is not too late to strike a deal with the hold-outs or back an ostensibly private effort to buy out their claims. A quick fix would make it easier for Argentina to borrow again internationally. That, in turn, would speed development of big oil and gas deposits, the income from which could help ease its money troubles.
More important, it would help to change perceptions of Argentina as a financial rogue state. Over the past year or so Ms Fernández seems to have been trying to rehabilitate Argentina’s image and resuscitate its faltering economy. She settled financial disputes with government creditors and with Repsol, a Spanish oil firm whose Argentine assets she had expropriated in 2012. This week’s events have overshadowed all that. For its own sake, and everyone else’s, Argentina should hold its nose and do a deal with the hold-outs.

(http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21610263. Adapted)

We learn in the article, mostly in paragraphs two through - FGV 2015

Inglês - 2015

Read the text and answer the question

Argentina defaults – Eighth time unlucky



Cristina Fernández argues that her country’s latest default is different. She is missing the point.

Aug 2nd 2014
ARGENTINA’S first bond, issued in 1824, was supposed to have had a lifespan of 46 years. Less than four years later, the government defaulted. Resolving the ensuing stand-off with creditors took 29 years. Since then seven more defaults have followed, the most recent this week, when Argentina failed to make a payment on bonds issued as partial compensation to victims of the previous default, in 2001.
Most investors think they can see a pattern in all this, but Argentina’s president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, insists the latest default is not like the others. Her government, she points out, had transferred the full $539m it owed to the banks that administer the bonds. It is America’s courts (the bonds were issued under American law) that blocked the payment, at the behest of the tiny minority of owners of bonds from 2001 who did not accept the restructuring Argentina offered them in 2005 and again in 2010. These “hold-outs”, balking at the 65% haircut the restructuring entailed, not only persuaded a judge that they should be paid in full but also got him to freeze payments on the restructured bonds until Argentina coughs up.
Argentina claims that paying the hold-outs was impossible. It is not just that they are “vultures” as Argentine officials often put it, who bought the bonds for cents on the dollar after the previous default and are now holding those who accepted the restructuring (accounting for 93% of the debt) to ransom. The main problem is that a clause in the restructured bonds prohibits Argentina from offering the hold-outs better terms without paying everyone else the same. Since it cannot afford to do that, it says it had no choice but to default.
Yet it is not certain that the clause requiring equal treatment of all bondholders would have applied, given that Argentina would not have been paying the hold-outs voluntarily, but on the courts’ orders. Moreover, some owners of the restructured bonds had agreed to waive their rights; had Argentina made a concerted effort to persuade the remainder to do the same, it might have succeeded. Lawyers and bankers have suggested various ways around the clause in question, which expires at the end of the year. But Argentina’s government was slow to consider these options or negotiate with the hold-outs, hiding instead behind indignant nationalism.
Ms Fernández is right that the consequences of America’s court rulings have been perverse, unleashing a big financial dispute in an attempt to solve a relatively small one. But hers is not the first government to be hit with an awkward verdict. Instead of railing against it, she should have tried to minimise the harm it did. Defaulting has helped no one: none of the bondholders will now be paid, Argentina looks like a pariah again, and its economy will remain starved of loans and investment.
Happily, much of the damage can still be undone. It is not too late to strike a deal with the hold-outs or back an ostensibly private effort to buy out their claims. A quick fix would make it easier for Argentina to borrow again internationally. That, in turn, would speed development of big oil and gas deposits, the income from which could help ease its money troubles.
More important, it would help to change perceptions of Argentina as a financial rogue state. Over the past year or so Ms Fernández seems to have been trying to rehabilitate Argentina’s image and resuscitate its faltering economy. She settled financial disputes with government creditors and with Repsol, a Spanish oil firm whose Argentine assets she had expropriated in 2012. This week’s events have overshadowed all that. For its own sake, and everyone else’s, Argentina should hold its nose and do a deal with the hold-outs.

(http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21610263. Adapted)

In the excerpt from the end of the second paragraph – - FGV 2015

Inglês - 2015

Read the text and answer the question

Argentina defaults – Eighth time unlucky



Cristina Fernández argues that her country’s latest default is different. She is missing the point.

Aug 2nd 2014
ARGENTINA’S first bond, issued in 1824, was supposed to have had a lifespan of 46 years. Less than four years later, the government defaulted. Resolving the ensuing stand-off with creditors took 29 years. Since then seven more defaults have followed, the most recent this week, when Argentina failed to make a payment on bonds issued as partial compensation to victims of the previous default, in 2001.
Most investors think they can see a pattern in all this, but Argentina’s president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, insists the latest default is not like the others. Her government, she points out, had transferred the full $539m it owed to the banks that administer the bonds. It is America’s courts (the bonds were issued under American law) that blocked the payment, at the behest of the tiny minority of owners of bonds from 2001 who did not accept the restructuring Argentina offered them in 2005 and again in 2010. These “hold-outs”, balking at the 65% haircut the restructuring entailed, not only persuaded a judge that they should be paid in full but also got him to freeze payments on the restructured bonds until Argentina coughs up.
Argentina claims that paying the hold-outs was impossible. It is not just that they are “vultures” as Argentine officials often put it, who bought the bonds for cents on the dollar after the previous default and are now holding those who accepted the restructuring (accounting for 93% of the debt) to ransom. The main problem is that a clause in the restructured bonds prohibits Argentina from offering the hold-outs better terms without paying everyone else the same. Since it cannot afford to do that, it says it had no choice but to default.
Yet it is not certain that the clause requiring equal treatment of all bondholders would have applied, given that Argentina would not have been paying the hold-outs voluntarily, but on the courts’ orders. Moreover, some owners of the restructured bonds had agreed to waive their rights; had Argentina made a concerted effort to persuade the remainder to do the same, it might have succeeded. Lawyers and bankers have suggested various ways around the clause in question, which expires at the end of the year. But Argentina’s government was slow to consider these options or negotiate with the hold-outs, hiding instead behind indignant nationalism.
Ms Fernández is right that the consequences of America’s court rulings have been perverse, unleashing a big financial dispute in an attempt to solve a relatively small one. But hers is not the first government to be hit with an awkward verdict. Instead of railing against it, she should have tried to minimise the harm it did. Defaulting has helped no one: none of the bondholders will now be paid, Argentina looks like a pariah again, and its economy will remain starved of loans and investment.
Happily, much of the damage can still be undone. It is not too late to strike a deal with the hold-outs or back an ostensibly private effort to buy out their claims. A quick fix would make it easier for Argentina to borrow again internationally. That, in turn, would speed development of big oil and gas deposits, the income from which could help ease its money troubles.
More important, it would help to change perceptions of Argentina as a financial rogue state. Over the past year or so Ms Fernández seems to have been trying to rehabilitate Argentina’s image and resuscitate its faltering economy. She settled financial disputes with government creditors and with Repsol, a Spanish oil firm whose Argentine assets she had expropriated in 2012. This week’s events have overshadowed all that. For its own sake, and everyone else’s, Argentina should hold its nose and do a deal with the hold-outs.

(http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21610263. Adapted)

Argentina’s creditors, as the second paragraph shows, (A) - FGV 2015

Inglês - 2015

Read the text and answer the question

Argentina defaults – Eighth time unlucky



Cristina Fernández argues that her country’s latest default is different. She is missing the point.

Aug 2nd 2014
ARGENTINA’S first bond, issued in 1824, was supposed to have had a lifespan of 46 years. Less than four years later, the government defaulted. Resolving the ensuing stand-off with creditors took 29 years. Since then seven more defaults have followed, the most recent this week, when Argentina failed to make a payment on bonds issued as partial compensation to victims of the previous default, in 2001.
Most investors think they can see a pattern in all this, but Argentina’s president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, insists the latest default is not like the others. Her government, she points out, had transferred the full $539m it owed to the banks that administer the bonds. It is America’s courts (the bonds were issued under American law) that blocked the payment, at the behest of the tiny minority of owners of bonds from 2001 who did not accept the restructuring Argentina offered them in 2005 and again in 2010. These “hold-outs”, balking at the 65% haircut the restructuring entailed, not only persuaded a judge that they should be paid in full but also got him to freeze payments on the restructured bonds until Argentina coughs up.
Argentina claims that paying the hold-outs was impossible. It is not just that they are “vultures” as Argentine officials often put it, who bought the bonds for cents on the dollar after the previous default and are now holding those who accepted the restructuring (accounting for 93% of the debt) to ransom. The main problem is that a clause in the restructured bonds prohibits Argentina from offering the hold-outs better terms without paying everyone else the same. Since it cannot afford to do that, it says it had no choice but to default.
Yet it is not certain that the clause requiring equal treatment of all bondholders would have applied, given that Argentina would not have been paying the hold-outs voluntarily, but on the courts’ orders. Moreover, some owners of the restructured bonds had agreed to waive their rights; had Argentina made a concerted effort to persuade the remainder to do the same, it might have succeeded. Lawyers and bankers have suggested various ways around the clause in question, which expires at the end of the year. But Argentina’s government was slow to consider these options or negotiate with the hold-outs, hiding instead behind indignant nationalism.
Ms Fernández is right that the consequences of America’s court rulings have been perverse, unleashing a big financial dispute in an attempt to solve a relatively small one. But hers is not the first government to be hit with an awkward verdict. Instead of railing against it, she should have tried to minimise the harm it did. Defaulting has helped no one: none of the bondholders will now be paid, Argentina looks like a pariah again, and its economy will remain starved of loans and investment.
Happily, much of the damage can still be undone. It is not too late to strike a deal with the hold-outs or back an ostensibly private effort to buy out their claims. A quick fix would make it easier for Argentina to borrow again internationally. That, in turn, would speed development of big oil and gas deposits, the income from which could help ease its money troubles.
More important, it would help to change perceptions of Argentina as a financial rogue state. Over the past year or so Ms Fernández seems to have been trying to rehabilitate Argentina’s image and resuscitate its faltering economy. She settled financial disputes with government creditors and with Repsol, a Spanish oil firm whose Argentine assets she had expropriated in 2012. This week’s events have overshadowed all that. For its own sake, and everyone else’s, Argentina should hold its nose and do a deal with the hold-outs.

(http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21610263. Adapted)

The explanation given by Argentina’s president, in the - FGV 2015

Inglês - 2015

Read the text and answer the question

Argentina defaults – Eighth time unlucky



Cristina Fernández argues that her country’s latest default is different. She is missing the point.

Aug 2nd 2014
ARGENTINA’S first bond, issued in 1824, was supposed to have had a lifespan of 46 years. Less than four years later, the government defaulted. Resolving the ensuing stand-off with creditors took 29 years. Since then seven more defaults have followed, the most recent this week, when Argentina failed to make a payment on bonds issued as partial compensation to victims of the previous default, in 2001.
Most investors think they can see a pattern in all this, but Argentina’s president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, insists the latest default is not like the others. Her government, she points out, had transferred the full $539m it owed to the banks that administer the bonds. It is America’s courts (the bonds were issued under American law) that blocked the payment, at the behest of the tiny minority of owners of bonds from 2001 who did not accept the restructuring Argentina offered them in 2005 and again in 2010. These “hold-outs”, balking at the 65% haircut the restructuring entailed, not only persuaded a judge that they should be paid in full but also got him to freeze payments on the restructured bonds until Argentina coughs up.
Argentina claims that paying the hold-outs was impossible. It is not just that they are “vultures” as Argentine officials often put it, who bought the bonds for cents on the dollar after the previous default and are now holding those who accepted the restructuring (accounting for 93% of the debt) to ransom. The main problem is that a clause in the restructured bonds prohibits Argentina from offering the hold-outs better terms without paying everyone else the same. Since it cannot afford to do that, it says it had no choice but to default.
Yet it is not certain that the clause requiring equal treatment of all bondholders would have applied, given that Argentina would not have been paying the hold-outs voluntarily, but on the courts’ orders. Moreover, some owners of the restructured bonds had agreed to waive their rights; had Argentina made a concerted effort to persuade the remainder to do the same, it might have succeeded. Lawyers and bankers have suggested various ways around the clause in question, which expires at the end of the year. But Argentina’s government was slow to consider these options or negotiate with the hold-outs, hiding instead behind indignant nationalism.
Ms Fernández is right that the consequences of America’s court rulings have been perverse, unleashing a big financial dispute in an attempt to solve a relatively small one. But hers is not the first government to be hit with an awkward verdict. Instead of railing against it, she should have tried to minimise the harm it did. Defaulting has helped no one: none of the bondholders will now be paid, Argentina looks like a pariah again, and its economy will remain starved of loans and investment.
Happily, much of the damage can still be undone. It is not too late to strike a deal with the hold-outs or back an ostensibly private effort to buy out their claims. A quick fix would make it easier for Argentina to borrow again internationally. That, in turn, would speed development of big oil and gas deposits, the income from which could help ease its money troubles.
More important, it would help to change perceptions of Argentina as a financial rogue state. Over the past year or so Ms Fernández seems to have been trying to rehabilitate Argentina’s image and resuscitate its faltering economy. She settled financial disputes with government creditors and with Repsol, a Spanish oil firm whose Argentine assets she had expropriated in 2012. This week’s events have overshadowed all that. For its own sake, and everyone else’s, Argentina should hold its nose and do a deal with the hold-outs.

(http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21610263. Adapted)

According to the first paragraph, (A) it took Argentina - FGV 2015

Inglês - 2015

Read the text and answer the question

Argentina defaults – Eighth time unlucky



Cristina Fernández argues that her country’s latest default is different. She is missing the point.

Aug 2nd 2014
ARGENTINA’S first bond, issued in 1824, was supposed to have had a lifespan of 46 years. Less than four years later, the government defaulted. Resolving the ensuing stand-off with creditors took 29 years. Since then seven more defaults have followed, the most recent this week, when Argentina failed to make a payment on bonds issued as partial compensation to victims of the previous default, in 2001.
Most investors think they can see a pattern in all this, but Argentina’s president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, insists the latest default is not like the others. Her government, she points out, had transferred the full $539m it owed to the banks that administer the bonds. It is America’s courts (the bonds were issued under American law) that blocked the payment, at the behest of the tiny minority of owners of bonds from 2001 who did not accept the restructuring Argentina offered them in 2005 and again in 2010. These “hold-outs”, balking at the 65% haircut the restructuring entailed, not only persuaded a judge that they should be paid in full but also got him to freeze payments on the restructured bonds until Argentina coughs up.
Argentina claims that paying the hold-outs was impossible. It is not just that they are “vultures” as Argentine officials often put it, who bought the bonds for cents on the dollar after the previous default and are now holding those who accepted the restructuring (accounting for 93% of the debt) to ransom. The main problem is that a clause in the restructured bonds prohibits Argentina from offering the hold-outs better terms without paying everyone else the same. Since it cannot afford to do that, it says it had no choice but to default.
Yet it is not certain that the clause requiring equal treatment of all bondholders would have applied, given that Argentina would not have been paying the hold-outs voluntarily, but on the courts’ orders. Moreover, some owners of the restructured bonds had agreed to waive their rights; had Argentina made a concerted effort to persuade the remainder to do the same, it might have succeeded. Lawyers and bankers have suggested various ways around the clause in question, which expires at the end of the year. But Argentina’s government was slow to consider these options or negotiate with the hold-outs, hiding instead behind indignant nationalism.
Ms Fernández is right that the consequences of America’s court rulings have been perverse, unleashing a big financial dispute in an attempt to solve a relatively small one. But hers is not the first government to be hit with an awkward verdict. Instead of railing against it, she should have tried to minimise the harm it did. Defaulting has helped no one: none of the bondholders will now be paid, Argentina looks like a pariah again, and its economy will remain starved of loans and investment.
Happily, much of the damage can still be undone. It is not too late to strike a deal with the hold-outs or back an ostensibly private effort to buy out their claims. A quick fix would make it easier for Argentina to borrow again internationally. That, in turn, would speed development of big oil and gas deposits, the income from which could help ease its money troubles.
More important, it would help to change perceptions of Argentina as a financial rogue state. Over the past year or so Ms Fernández seems to have been trying to rehabilitate Argentina’s image and resuscitate its faltering economy. She settled financial disputes with government creditors and with Repsol, a Spanish oil firm whose Argentine assets she had expropriated in 2012. This week’s events have overshadowed all that. For its own sake, and everyone else’s, Argentina should hold its nose and do a deal with the hold-outs.

(http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21610263. Adapted)

Sem a construção de novas hidrelétricas com grandes - FGV 2015

Geografia - 2015

Sem a construção de novas hidrelétricas com grandes reservatórios, diminui a capacidade do Brasil de poupar água para produção de eletricidade nos meses de estiagem.

Os impasses sobre a Ucrânia elevaram tensões entre a Rússia - FGV 2015

Geografia - 2015

Os impasses sobre a Ucrânia elevaram tensões entre a Rússia e o Ocidente a níveis sem precedentes desde a Guerra Fria. As autoridades americanas e europeias alertaram para a possibilidade de a Rússia enfrentar sanções de amplo alcance em áreas como energia, finanças, manufaturas e agronegócios.

A África tem sido palco de inúmeros problemas sociais e - FGV 2015

Geografia - 2015

A África tem sido palco de inúmeros problemas sociais e econômicos nos últimos anos. Observe o mapa a seguir:

Questão 72 - FGV 2015

Por meio das doze zonas francas, como a Zonamérica, o país - FGV 2015

Geografia - 2015

Por meio das doze zonas francas, como a Zonamérica, o país ganhou competitividade em relação aos dois vizinhos da fronteira. As vantagens fiscais levaram multinacionais da Europa, dos EUA e da Ásia a colocarem nessas zonas francas seus pontos de escoamento para os demais países da região.
Essas empresas encontraram nesse país uma alternativa às rígidas restrições à importação na Argentina e aos gargalos portuários no Brasil, mesmo sendo o mercado brasileiro o principal cliente para a maioria.
Na Zonamérica só há empresas de serviços. O forte das atividades concentra-se nas áreas de logística, call centers, tecnologia da informação e serviços financeiros.
Entre a longa lista de vantagens oferecidas pelo país, estão elevado IDH, segurança, democracia, mão de obra bilíngue e qualificada, baixas posições em problemas como corrupção e liberdade no uso de moedas diferentes.

A construção do Grande Canal Interoceânico, na Nicarágua, - FGV 2015

Geografia - 2015

A construção do Grande Canal Interoceânico, na Nicarágua, ligando os oceanos Atlântico e Pacífico, promete ser a maior rede de transporte hidroviário do hemisfério ocidental e poderá desafiar o controle dos EUA sobre a região. A nova hidrovia irá se estender por 286 km, contra os atuais 81,5 km do Canal do Panamá. A principal vantagem da rota é sua largura de 83 metros e a profundidade de 27,5 m, o que permitirá a navegação de embarcações de classe superpesada, com porte de até 270 mil toneladas.

Em julho de 2014, foi criado, em Fortaleza (Brasil), o Novo - FGV 2015

Geografia - 2015

Em julho de 2014, foi criado, em Fortaleza (Brasil), o Novo Banco de Desenvolvimento, idealizado para ser uma alternativa ao Banco Mundial. O banco terá capital de US$ 50 bilhões, que pode ser ampliado para US$ 100 bilhões, para financiar projetos de infraestrutura e sustentabilidade em países emergentes, sem se submeter às imposições dos países ricos do Banco Mundial da ONU.
Foi estabelecido, também, um Arranjo Contingente de Reservas, que funcionará como um fundo de emergência inicial de US$ 100 bilhões que pode ser sacado pelos países em épocas de crise no balanço de pagamentos. Todos os países do grupo assumirão a presidência do banco, obedecendo a rotatividade a cada cinco anos.

O Protocolo da Biodiversidade, considerado histórico na sua - FGV 2015

História - 2015

O Protocolo da Biodiversidade, considerado histórico na sua criação, em 2010, na 10a . Convenção Mundial da Biodiversidade, em Nagoia, no Japão, objetiva garantir a divisão justa e equitativa de benefícios, gerados pelo uso dos recursos genéticos e da biodiversidade, combatendo a biopirataria, protegendo o patrimônio biológico dos países, por meio de instrumentos, como a criação de royalties para o uso da flora e da fauna locais.
Entrará em vigor após a ratificação por 50 países, e o Brasil, embora tenha assinado o documento da criação do protocolo, aguarda a ratificação pelo Congresso.

Segundo um estudo realizado pela unidade de pesquisa da - FGV 2015

Geografia - 2015

Segundo um estudo realizado pela unidade de pesquisa da revista britânica The Economist, tendo por base o desempenho dos 26 estados e do Distrito Federal em oito categorias e vinte e cinco indicadores, foi criado o mapa a seguir.

Questão 67 - FGV 2015

As regiões brasileiras apresentam nítida diferença na - FGV 2015

Geografia - 2015

As regiões brasileiras apresentam nítida diferença na distribuição do PIB segundo os setores econômicos.

Analise a tabela a seguir.

Questão 65 - FGV 2015

Destaca-se na crescente exportação de frutas, - FGV 2015

Geografia - 2015

Destaca-se na crescente exportação de frutas, principalmente uva, manga, goiaba e banana cultivadas com técnicas de irrigação. O dinamismo da economia estadual, principalmente no setor industrial, está associado a sua moderna infraestrutura portuária. Destaca-se, também, pela indústria têxtil e de confecções.

A matriz energética desse país é baseada em carvão mineral, - FGV 2015

Geografia - 2015

A matriz energética desse país é baseada em carvão mineral, transportado por ferrovias, que usam muito diesel; o minério segue em navios, que consomem muito combustível, e o país ainda tem demanda grande de petroquímicos, por conta da construção civil e bens de consumo e da sua crescente urbanização. Em 2010, tornou-se o maior consumidor mundial de petróleo, ultrapassando os Estados Unidos. Em 2003, o valor das exportações de petróleo do Brasil para esse país era 0,5% do total, e, em 2013, as exportações brasileiras saltaram para 8,7%, confirmando a liderança comercial desse país com o Brasil.

A exploração do Pré-Sal poderá posicionar o Brasil como um - FGV 2015

Geografia - 2015

A exploração do Pré-Sal poderá posicionar o Brasil como um dos maiores exportadores de petróleo do mundo, com um excedente na produção que poderá superar 1,5 milhão de barris por dia, em um momento em que a demanda pelo insumo não será mais liderada pelo país Estados Unidos, mas pela Ásia.

A população brasileira cresceu 0,86% entre 2013 e 2014, - FGV 2015

Geografia - 2015

A população brasileira cresceu 0,86% entre 2013 e 2014, segundo o IBGE. O total de habitantes nos 5570 municípios do país chegou a 202768562 habitantes em julho de 2014, mas o percentual de crescimento não foi uniforme em todos eles.

Questão 61 - FGV 2015

(...) dividamos a experiência (passeio na montanha-russa) - FGV 2015

História - 2015

(...) dividamos a experiência (passeio na montanha-russa) em três partes. A primeira é a da ascensão contínua, metódica e persistente (...). Essa fase representa o período do século XVI até meados do século XIX, quando as elites da Europa promovem o desenvolvimento tecnológico que lhes asseguraria o domínio do mundo. A segunda nos precipita em uma queda vertiginosa, com a perda das referências do espaço, do que nos cerca e até o controle das faculdades conscientes (...). Isto ocorreu ao redor de 1870, com a chamada Revolução Científico-Tecnológico. (...) A terceira é a do loop, o clímax da aceleração precipitada, que representaria o atual período, assinalado por um novo surto dramático de transformações, a Revolução da Microeletrônica (...) o que faz os dois movimentos anteriores parecerem projeções em câmera lenta. (...) O aparato tecnológico torna-se cada vez mais imprevisível, irresistível e incompreensível.

Leia um trecho de uma entrevista com o historiador - FGV 2015

História - 2015

Leia um trecho de uma entrevista com o historiador Francisco Alembert.

(...) os governos vêm sucessivamente utilizando a retórica, a imagem e o mito do governo de Juscelino, por isso ele continua tão forte e tão presente. Mas há também algo em comum na utilização de JK por esses governos. De uma forma ou de outra, eles procuram justificar o crescimento econômico dentro da democracia. Ele agradava a burguesia, porque se mostrava um governo modernizador, e também agradava a esquerda, mesmo não tendo uma política de esquerda. Mas alcançou um crescimento realmente fantástico, nunca visto antes. O grande problema é que isso não foi dividido por toda a sociedade.

A partir dos dados, é correto afirmar que a indústria - FGV 2015

História - 2015

Observe a tabela.

Questão 15 - FATEC 2020 - Caderno Azul

Esses anos [pós-guerra] também foram notáveis sob outro - FGV 2015

História - 2015

Esses anos [pós-guerra] também foram notáveis sob outro aspecto pois, à medida que o tempo passava, tornava-se evidente que aquela prosperidade não duraria. Dentro dela estavam contidas as sementes de sua própria destruição.

No livro de crônicas Cidades Mortas, o escritor Monteiro - FGV 2015

História - 2015

No livro de crônicas Cidades Mortas, o escritor Monteiro Lobato descreve o destino de ricas cidades cafeicultoras do Vale do Paraíba. Bananal, que chegou a ser a maior produtora de café da província de São Paulo, tornou-se uma “cidade morta”, que vive do esplendor do passado: transformou-se em uma estância turístico-histórica, mantendo poucas sedes majestosas conservadas, como a da Fazenda Resgate. A maioria, entretanto, está em ruínas. O fim da escravidão foi o fim dos barões. E também o fim do Império.

Em nome do direito de viver da humanidade, a colonização, - FGV 2015

História - 2015

Em nome do direito de viver da humanidade, a colonização, agente da civilização, deverá tomar a seu encargo a valorização e a circulação das riquezas que possuidores fracos detenham sem benefício para eles próprios e para os demais. Age-se, assim, para o bem de todos. (...) [A Europa] está no comando e no comando deve permanecer.

A unidade italiana – o processo de constituição de um - FGV 2015

História - 2015

A unidade italiana – o processo de constituição de um Estado único para o país – conserva o sistema oligárquico (...) Isto não impede a formação do Estado, mas retarda a eclosão do fenômeno nacional.

(Leon Pomer, O surgimento das nações, 1985, p. 40-42)

Fizemos a Itália; agora, precisamos fazer os italianos.

Os dados do mapa mostram que a emancipação política do - FGV 2015

História - 2015

Observe o mapa.

Questão 53 - FGV 2015

É a América Latina, as regiões das veias abertas. Desde o - FGV 2015

História - 2015

É a América Latina, as regiões das veias abertas. Desde o descobrimento até nossos dias, tudo se transformou em capital estrangeiro e como tal acumula-se até hoje. A causa nacional latino-americana é, antes de tudo, uma causa social.

Caracteriza a agricultura colonial no Brasil do final do - FGV 2015

História - 2015

Caracteriza a agricultura colonial no Brasil

A interrupção desse fluxo comercial levaria os negociantes - FGV 2015

História - 2015

A interrupção desse fluxo comercial levaria os negociantes e financistas da República a fundarem a Companhia das Índias Ocidentais (1621). (...)
O historiador Charles Boxer considera que esse conflito, por produtos e mercados, entre o Império Habsburgo e as Províncias Unidas, foi tão generalizado que pode ser considerado, de fato, a Primeira Guerra Mundial, pois atingiu os quatros cantos do mundo.

O Estado era tanto o sujeito como o objeto da política - FGV 2015

História - 2015

O Estado era tanto o sujeito como o objeto da política econômica mercantilista. O mercantilismo refletia a concepção a respeito das relações entre o Estado e a nação que imperava na época (séculos XVI e XVII). Era o Estado, não a nação, o que lhe interessava.

Leia o documento de 1346. (...) se qualquer pessoa do dito - FGV 2015

História - 2015

Leia o documento de 1346.

(...) se qualquer pessoa do dito ofício sofrer de pobreza pela idade, ou porque não possa trabalhar terá toda semana 7 dinheiros para seu sustento (...)
E nenhum estrangeiro trabalhará no dito ofício se não for aprendiz, ou homem admitido à cidadania do dito lugar.
(...) E se alguém do dito ofício tiver em sua casa trabalho que não possa completar... os demais do mesmo ofício o ajudarão, para que o dito trabalho não se perca.
(...) Prestando perante eles o juramento de indagar e pesquisar (...) os erros que encontrarem no dito comércio, sem poupar ninguém, por amizade ou ódio.
Ninguém que não tenha sido aprendiz e não tenha concluído seu termo de aprendizado do dito ofício poderá exercer o mesmo.

(...) quais mecanismos levaram à escravidão nas sociedades - FGV 2015

História - 2015

(...) quais mecanismos levaram à escravidão nas sociedades africanas do século VII ao século XV?
(...)
Genericamente, a escravidão esteve presente na África como um todo, fazendo-se necessário observar as especificidades históricas próprias de complexos sociais e políticos e das formas de poder das diversas sociedades africanas. Mas é fundamental acrescentar que a dinâmica e a intensidade da escravidão no continente africano tem a ver com a maior ou menor demanda do tráfico atlântico gerada pelo expansionismo europeu na América. Isso acarreta mudanças sociais na África, como a expansão e a subsequente transformação da poligenia, o desenvolvimento de diferentes tipos de escravidão no continente, além do empobrecimento de uma classe de mercadores africanos.

É a partir do século VIII a.C. que começamos a entrever, em - FGV 2015

História - 2015

É a partir do século VIII a.C. que começamos a entrever, em diferentes regiões do Mediterrâneo, o progressivo surgimento das cidades-Estados ou pólis. Elas formaram a organização social e política dominante das comunidades organizadas ao longo do Mediterrâneo nos séculos seguintes.

A figura ilustra um coração artificial mecânico, cujos - FGV 2015

Biologia - 2015

A figura ilustra um coração artificial mecânico, cujos números indicam os orifícios para a entrada e saída do fluxo sanguíneo.

Questão 45 - FGV 2015

As células numeradas de 1 a 4 da figura representam gametas - FGV 2015

Biologia - 2015

As células numeradas de 1 a 4 da figura representam gametas masculinos resultantes de uma divisão meiótica anômala em que não ocorreu disjunção dos cromossomos homólogos vermelhos na anáfase I. As células numeradas de 5 a 8 da figura representam gametas masculinos resultantes de outra divisão meiótica anômala em que não ocorreu a disjunção das cromátides vermelhas na anáfase II. Os cromossomos azuis representam o processo sem anomalias em todos os demais pares de cromossomos humanos.

Questão 44 - FGV 2015

Carl Woese propôs, em 1990, uma nova classificação na qual - FGV 2015

Biologia - 2015

Carl Woese propôs, em 1990, uma nova classificação na qual os seres vivos são divididos em três domínios, sendo eles Bacteria, Archaea e Eukaria.

Questão 41 - FGV 2015

As estruturas ilustram os ossos das mãos ou patas - FGV 2015

Biologia - 2015

As estruturas ilustram os ossos das mãos ou patas anteriores de seis espécies de mamíferos, não pertencentes obrigatoriamente ao mesmo ecossistema.

Questão 40 - FGV 2015

A transformação evolutiva de tais estruturas, ao longo das gerações, ocorre em função __________ e indicam uma evidência evolutiva denominada __________.

A figura ilustra sementes e fruto bastante pequenos do - FGV 2015

Biologia - 2015

A figura ilustra sementes e fruto bastante pequenos do agrião, uma hortaliça.

Questão 39 - FGV 2015

Analise o heredograma que ilustra a transmissão de duas - FGV 2015

Biologia - 2015

Analise o heredograma que ilustra a transmissão de duas características genéticas, cada uma condicionada por um par de alelos autossômicos com dominância simples.

Questão 38 - FGV 38

Nem todos os tecidos se recompõem e a regeneração torna-se - FGV 2015

Biologia - 2015

Autotomia é a capacidade que alguns animais apresentam em soltar membros do corpo e regenerá-los posteriormente, como por exemplo, a autotomia caudal observada em algumas espécies de lagartos, conforme mostra a figura.

Questão 37 - FGV 2015

Nem todos os tecidos se recompõem e a regeneração torna-se menos eficiente a cada perda da cauda, podendo inclusive não ocorrer, dependendo do local da mutilação.

Autotomia é a capacidade que alguns animais apresentam em - FGV 2015

Biologia - 2015

Autotomia é a capacidade que alguns animais apresentam em soltar membros do corpo e regenerá-los posteriormente, como por exemplo, a autotomia caudal observada em algumas espécies de lagartos, conforme mostra a figura.

Questão 37 - FGV 2015

Nem todos os tecidos se recompõem e a regeneração torna-se menos eficiente a cada perda da cauda, podendo inclusive não ocorrer, dependendo do local da mutilação.

A figura ilustra os vasos sanguíneos maternos e fetais na - FGV 2015

Biologia - 2015

A figura ilustra os vasos sanguíneos maternos e fetais na região da placenta, responsável pela troca dos gases respiratórios oxigênio e dióxido de carbono.

Questão 36 - FGV 2015

O pâncreas é uma glândula anfícrina, ou seja, com dupla - FGV 2015

Biologia - 2015

O pâncreas é uma glândula anfícrina, ou seja, com dupla função, desempenhando um papel junto ao sistema digestório na produção de enzimas, tais como amilases e lipases, e também junto ao sistema endócrino, na produção de hormônios, tais como a insulina e o glucagon.

Alimentos como a mandioca, a batata e o arroz armazenam - FGV 2015

Biologia - 2015

Alimentos como a mandioca, a batata e o arroz armazenam grande quantidade de amido no parênquima amilífero. Já o parênquima clorofiliano é responsável pela síntese de glicose.

O vírus ebola, descoberto por microbiologistas em 1976, - FGV 2015

Biologia - 2015

O vírus ebola, descoberto por microbiologistas em 1976, causa em seres humanos grave febre hemorrágica. De acordo com o sistema de classificação de Baltimore, trata-se de um vírus pertencente ao grupo V, cujos integrantes apresentam RNA de fita simples, com senso negativo, como material genético. Essa fita necessita ser convertida pela enzima RNA polimerase, em uma fita de RNA com senso positivo, a qual pode então ser traduzida para a manifestação dos genes virais.

As figuras ilustram o processo de crossing-over, que ocorre - FGV 2015

Biologia - 2015

As figuras ilustram o processo de crossing-over, que ocorre na prófase I da meiose.

Questão 32 - FGV 2015

O mexilhão dourado, Limnoperna fortunei, é um bivalve - FGV 2015

Biologia - 2015

O mexilhão dourado, Limnoperna fortunei, é um bivalve originário da Ásia. A espécie chegou à América do Sul provavelmente de modo acidental na água de lastro de navios cargueiros.
Durante a fase larval, o bivalve é levado pela água até que termina por se alojar em superfícies sólidas, onde se fixa e cresce formando grandes colônias.
Podemos citar como prejuízos causados pelo mexilhão dourado: a destruição da vegetação aquática; a ocupação do espaço e a disputa por alimento com os moluscos nativos; o entupimento de canos e dutos de água para irrigação e geração de energia elétrica, dentre outros.

(http://www.ibama.gov.br. Adaptado)

Questão 30 - FGV 2015

Se 1 + cos α + cos2 α + cos3 α + cos4 α + ... = 5, com , - FGV 2015

Matemática - 2015

Se 1 + cos α + cos2 α + cos3 α + cos4 α + ... = 5, comQuestão 30 - FGV 2014

A seta indica um heptágono com AB=GF=2AG=4BC=4FE=20 cm - FGV 2015

Matemática - 2015

A seta indica um heptágono com AB=GF=2AG=4BC=4FE=20 cm.

Questão 29 - FGV 2015

Considere o polinômio P(X) tal que . A soma de todas as - FGV 2015

Matemática - 2015

Considere o polinômio P(X) tal queQuestão 28 - FGV 2015

Se x2 – x – 1 é um dos fatores da fatoração de mx3 + nx2 - FGV 2015

Matemática - 2015

Se x2 – x – 1 é um dos fatores da fatoração de mx3 + nx2 + 1,

Em uma sala estão presentes n pessoas, com n>3. Pelo menos - FGV 2015

Matemática - 2015

Em uma sala estão presentes n pessoas, com n>3. Pelo menos uma pessoa da sala não trocou aperto de mão com todos os presentes na sala, e os demais presentes trocaram apertos de mão entre si, e um único aperto por dupla de pessoas.

Os elementos da matriz A = (aij) 3x3 representam a - FGV 2015

Matemática - 2015

Os elementos da matriz A = (aij) 3x3 representam a quantidade de voos diários apenas entre os aeroportos i, de um país, e os aeroportos j, de outro país. A respeito desses voos, sabe- -se que:
quando j = 2, o número de voos é sempre o mesmo,
quando i = j, o número de voos é sempre o mesmo,
quando i = 3, o número de voos é sempre o mesmo;
a11  0, e det A = 0.